This small bell shaped yellow flower is a pretty little plant that is in the lily family. These plants get their first name, perfoliate, because its leaves grow completely around their stems. Making it look like the stems grow through the leaves.
Perfoliate bellwort and the large flowered bellwort can only be separated by looking into the blossom. The perfoliate bellwort will have an orange grainy looking surface while the large flowered bellwort will be shiny inside the blossom. If you are going to hunt either of these two flowers, for medicine, it is important to know how to tell them apart because they are used to treat different ailments.
Native Americans used a root tea to treat a cough, sore throat, and gums. They made a poultice for snake bites and used it for a substitute for large yellow lady slippers.
They are a perennial that grow in colonies because it spreads from its roots as well as by seed. It has a rhizome, a tubular underground root which will sprout along it as the root grows. It likes moist rich soil that is well drained and in open shade where it gets sun some sun. These flowers can be found from Canada south to Florida and west to Louisiana blooming from late April through June. The bees and deer love them. The bees need a source of nectar in early spring and they find it in these flowers and it makes a good snake for the deers.
I have already seen them and have photographed them. I hope you get to go out and enjoy them like I have and will again.